"Ayurveda and Yoga are sisters sciences that developed together" - David Frawley
Yoga and Ayurveda are very closely related sciences born in India. I'm not going to touch spiritual part of Yoga today. We'll talk about Yoga therapy. Traditionally it practiced in a different way then we do nova days in the West.
What is Traditional Yoga and A
yurveda? Traditional Yoga therapy follows Ayurvedic approaches in terms of the diagnosis, disease theory and full range of treatments. Yoga doesn't have its own diagnosis methods and uses Ayurveda for this purpose. Before to prescribe we should understand a reason for the disease and its pathology. Only then suggestions make sense. On the other hand, Ayurvedic treatments through herbs, diet, lifestyle recommendations along with Yoga therapies make healing process comprehensive. Traditional Ayurveda uses Yoga therapy as one of the holistic healing methods. Yoga therapy is the part of Traditional Ayurveda. Ayurveda uses Asanas (body postures) to deal with different types of diseases, primarily for muscles, bones and joints issues. It uses Pranayama (breathing exercises) as a healing method for the mind-body system. It uses Mantra (sound), Dharana (concentration), Dhyana (meditation) therapies mostly for the mind related problems.
What is the reason that Yoga and Ayurveda go separately in the West today? Yoga first came to the West starting in the late nineteenth century and was introduced before Ayurveda. It became very popular and new western schools used non-Ayurvedic models of Yoga therapy. They followed the model of western medicine. Finally, Ayurveda arrived at the West in the late twentieth century. That time non-Ayurvedic models of Yoga therapy were already dominant.
What is the problem to use non-Ayurvedic models of Yoga therapy? Modern Yoga therapy became one of the bodywork therapy. It doesn't provide a full range of the healing methods but uses as supplementary support. It doesn't look deep into the root of the problem but only work with expressions therefore after therapy problem isn't solved completely. That's why issue can come back again. The non Personalized approach is the other problem of using non-Ayurvedic models of Yoga therapy. Misunderstanding of the unique constitution of each individual can even be harmful to the health. For example, too much of activity and fast movements can cause depletion in some individuals and then lead to the different body-mind issues such as arthritis, sciatica, insomnia, anxiety, etc.
What is Ayurvedic Yoga Therapy? As I mentioned above, Yoga and Ayurveda are connected to each other. They are the part of holistic healing system. Therefore to get all benefits from Yoga therapy it should be practiced from an Ayurvedic perspective. That is Ayurvedic Yoga Therapy. Ayurvedic Yoga therapist should be trained in the full system of Ayurveda, understand fundamental principles of Ayurveda as well as Samprapti (pathology of the disease) and healing methods.