Ayurvedic body constitution Nov 20, 2016
Concept of a Doshas and Ayurvedic body types
We're starting our discussion today with basics of Ayurveda. It’s important and I can't skip it. Hopefully you will not be bored by the end.
According to Ayurveda everything in this world created by five great elements (Panchamahabhutas): air, ether, water, fire, earth. Fruits, vegetables, plants, animals, humans comprised of different combinations of elements. Each element has their own qualities. You already know it, just looks around. Air is drying, light, mobile, cold. Ether gives a space. Water is moist and nourish. Fire is hot and can transform the things. Earth is grounding, stable, nourish. Root vegetables and grains are more earthy in nature therefore they have its qualities. Fruits are watery, juicy. Pungent spices are fiery - you feel hot if used too much. I think you already got a point.
In our body five elements create three Doshas. To avoid overconsumption I just say ‘the Doshas are the combinations of five elements and carry their qualities’. Three Doshas called Vata, Pitta, Kapha. Vata is composition of air and ether so it is dry, light, mobile, cold, etc. Pitta is composition of fire and water. It is hot, light, sharp, etc. Kapha is composition of earth and water. It is unctuous, cold, heavy, slow, etc.
Vata dosha helps to move our body and everything inside of it. Body movements, breathing, flowing of the blood, etc. Without Vata we'll look like corpse. And became it very fast without heartbeating.
Pitta dosha responsible for all transformations. It's like liquid fire and first duty is cooking or transformation of food into nutrients. Metabolic process, secretion of the hormones are under control of Pitta dosha.
Everything else is under control of Kapha dosha. It is only one stable dosha therefore it can handle so much duties :). Muscles, fat, plasma, lubrication are under control of Kapha. Would you imagine how human body will look without Kapha? No way, no body without Kapha, nothing to move and transform.
I'm think, you're ready now to understand how look like human when some of Doshas are more. It calls Prakriti or body type. All of us got it from birth and it never change through one particular life. You can put on weight or got a disease but your body type never changes. Will see it again in state of health.
Kapha dosha body types have thick bodily frames, stout musculature, well developed hairs, teeth, bones. They are naturally has a good immunity, endurance. Their metabolic rate are slow therefore they’re easily put on weight. They are patient, compassionate, like to care about others. Pitta body types have average bodily frames, good circulation, warm extremities, mostly feels warm in all type of weather. They have good metabolism and strong digestion. Their skin is soft and smooth, eyes are harp. They have average strength, hot temper, easily became irritable. They are motivated, intelligent, good leaders.
Vata individuals have thin and usually tall bodily frames. They are always below an average weight, easily to lose weight and hard to gain. Their metabolism and digestion are variable, tissues are not well developed. They are sensitive, enthusiastic, creative. Their strength capacity is less therefore too much physical activities make them weak.
Generally, it is hard to find individuals with pure Vata, Pitta and Kapha predominant constitution. There are 7 body types according to Ayurveda: Vata, Pitta, Kapha, Vata-Pitta, Vata-Kapha, Pitta-Kapha, and all three together Vata-Pitta-Kapha.
Just remembered a test from internet to determine Ayurvedic body type. I got 0% of Kapha :). Probably I'm a first invisible, unbodied and still alive human being :). No criticism, but please be aware, body type isn’t one you can determine by tests. Possibly what you can see is’t your Prakrity. It can be result of a wrong lifestyle and habits.
Hopefully, you wasn’t too much bored reading this long article. Will be happy to answer any questions!